Consequences controls behavior
The fundamental of ABA roots from “consequences controls behavior”, meaning behavior would change according to the outcome. For example, you added 2 cups of sugar to make brownies and it turned out to be too sweet. So the consequence of too sweet would motivate you to add less sugar next time.
So to put this concept into applications, you can modify the consequences after a behavior then supposedly the person would take a different action in the future. For example, Susan spitted into Bob’s drink, and Bob told the teacher. Susan stopped spitting into Bob’s drink. So Bob provided a consequence for Susan spitting into drink behavior, hence the behavior decreased, or in this case ceased. When we are working with children with autism, you can apply the same concept. For example. Dan barely voice out his needs, so when he said “ I want to play Lego”, we would give him Lego. So through giving him Lego, a positive consequence or a more specific term positive reinforcement, we would motivate him to voice out his needs in the future.
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